JUNETEENTH FACTS CONT. During the Civil War Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Proclamation Emancipation. It stipulated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January Ist, 1863, the people they enslaved "shall be then, thenceforward and forever free." When the Confederacy did not yield, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation on January Ist, 1863. But the Emancipation Proclamation technically did not free any enslaved people. The proclamation would only apply to the Confederate States, as an act to seize enemy resources. Lincoln could not free people on land that he did not directly control and he made no such offer of freedom to the border states.